Architecture Within The Leicester Area

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Architecture within the Leicester Area


Ian Lockwood

People walk around and never really pay much attention to the architecture and history that surrounds them. Architecture has to be one of the most overlooked art forms there is, let alone the fact that you can tell a lot about a Town or City by the architecture that surrounds you as you walk around. Take for example architecture in a old and historical city like Leicester.

While architecture Leicester has seen many changes over the years in growth there are many styles of buildings that you can see. History has left it’s mark on the Architecture in Leicester although there is nothing left from when the Romans first arrived. While there is little left off the very early buildings there is still significant architecture Leicester left. Most of the design stages that have been popular in the UK can be seen on it’s streets.

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We can’t talk about architecture Leicester without mentioning one family and that is the Goddard family. The first Goddard’s are believed to have moved to the area in the late 1700’s and their decendants are the ones who have had a big impact on architecture Leicester. The Fish and Quart pub was one of Goddard’s first buildings of note other buildings prior to this would have been most housing for farm workers etc.. from this their influence on architecture Leicester grew. The Goddard families influence on the architecture Leicester can be seen all over Leicester as they have managed to stay current with the styles and fashions of the time over the years.

Architecture Leicester has developed throughout the years and a drive through it will reveal many styles of architecture, while this is the case architectural buildings in Leicester can show a mixture of styles from around the world. Once in Leicester you will notice a whole array of styles of buildings.

Arts & Crafts theory was as a break away from the now common cheaply built, plain mass prodiced buildings of that time. bought in a return to the more traditional architecture, using high quality materials and craftman saw more interesting shapes being used.

The baroque period of architecture Leicester proved to be not very popular in architecture Leicester as people didn’t seem to appreciate the sweeping vista’s and large curved shapes. Architecture Leicester’s version of the barouques style is as with many other parts of the country mixed in with more traditional architectural design.

Classical architecture in Leicester grand Greek style pillars Roman art styles are heavy influences on the architecture Leicester classic deign this can be seen on many of the buildings in and around Leicester.

Domestic Revival black and white Tudor and Medieval style buildings were the order of the day in this style of architecture Leicester.

As you can see a drive about looking at architecture Leicester will reveal the many eras of style and design that has influenced not just the architecture Leicester but that of most of the historic UK.

This article was written by Ian Lockwood on behalf of The Drawing Room

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Mumbai officials demolish 39K shanties; 200K homeless

In CategoryUncategorized

December 25, 2004

Officials in Mumbai, India, demolished over 6,000 shanties today in a push to eradicate the capital city’s slums. In total, 39,000 shanties have been flattened, displacing over 200,000 people, in the city’s biggest-ever demolition drive, which began in early December.

When complete, over 2 million people are expected to be displaced. After wiping out the least desirable shanties, next in line for demolition are the illegal ‘well-off’ shanties and neighborhoods, according to the legal and bureaucratic motions that have been executed toward cleaning up Mumbai’s appearance by lowering the dominance of shanties, which make up 62 percent of Mumbai’s housing.

“As far as eye can see, there are mounds of wood, tin and tarpaulin, the remains of 6,200 illegal homes, flattened by a heavy excavator running on tank-like tracks and giant motorised claws,” the Indian Express reported about today’s destruction. [1]

Chief Minister Vilasrao Deshmukh said that citizens would see a change within six months. “Every chief minister likes to be remembered, and I’m no exception,” said Deshmukh, who despite having an empty exchequer, also announced that Rs 31,000 crore will be spent on new roads, sea links and rail lines. [2]

Frenchman climbs skyscraper in 20 minutes without any equipment

In CategoryUncategorized

Tuesday, August 31, 2010  File:FrenchSpiderMan HongKong.jpg

48-year old Alain Robert, affectionately known as the ‘French Spiderman’, has climbed a 57-storey {[w|Sydney}} skyscraper without any equipment in 20 minutes. The purpose of Alain Robert’s actions was to raise awareness of global warming. Following the previous like events in other cities, he was arrested and will possibly be fined.

When Robert was 12, he climbed eight storeys to get into his flat instead of waiting for his parents to return. Since then, he has climbed over eighty buildings around the world, including the Eiffel Tower, The New York Times building, and Sydney Harbour Bridge. His hobby has, however, led to him being arrested and fined on multiple occasions—he was fined USD 750 after climbing the 41-storey Royal Bank of Scotland building in central Sydney.

His most recent climb, which he completed in twenty minutes, began at the bottom of the Lumiere building in Bathurst Street at 10:30am AEST on Monday morning. About 100 passers-by gathered to watch Robert, dressed in red trousers, a grey top, and a baseball cap, climb the building. Eleven-year-old Rachel Pepper was surprised when he saw Robert, who suffers from permanent vertigo after two accidents in 1982. “I think it’s amazing to climb that high without falling. He’s got superhuman strength.” His mother Wendy Pepper agreed, “It was a nice surprise when we turned the corner and got to see him.”

Upon reaching the top of the building, the Frenchman unfurled a banner advertising the website of The One Hundred Months campaign, which argues that 100 months after August 2008, climate change will reach an irreversible point, as onlookers applauded his feat. Robert was subsequently taken into custody at the top of the skyscraper, and charged with trespassing. Robert was granted conditional bail to appear at the Downing Centre Local Court on Friday. Robert’s agent, Max Markson, described the climb as a “wonderful achievement. He’s the best at what he does. I’m sad he’s been arrested, but hopefully he’ll get out soon.”

Port Authority of New York and New Jersey

In CategoryUncategorized

The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ) is a joint venture between the States of New York and New Jersey and authorized by the US Congress, established in 1921 through an interstate compact, that oversees much of the regional transportation infrastructure, including bridges, tunnels, airports, and seaports, within the Port of New York and New Jersey. This 1,500 square mile (3,900 km²) port district is generally within a 25 mile(40 km) radius of the Statue of Liberty National Monument.[1] The Port Authority is headquartered at 4 World Trade Center.

The Port Authority operates the Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal, which handled the third-largest volume of shipping among all ports in the United States in 2004 and the largest on the Eastern Seaboard.[2] The Port Authority also operates Hudson River crossings, including the Holland Tunnel, Lincoln Tunnel, and George Washington Bridge connecting New Jersey with Manhattan, and three crossings that connect New Jersey with Staten Island. The Port Authority Bus Terminal and the PATH rail system are also run by the Port Authority, as well as LaGuardia Airport, John F. Kennedy International Airport, Newark Liberty International Airport, Teterboro Airport, Stewart International Airport and Atlantic City International Airport. The agency has its own 1,600-member Port Authority Police Department.[3]

Although the Port Authority manages much of the transportation infrastructure in the area, most bridges, tunnels, and other transportation facilities are not included. The New York City Department of Transportation is responsible for the Staten Island Ferry and for the majority of bridges in the city. The Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority is responsible for other bridges and tunnels in the area. New York City Transit Authority buses and subways, Metro North and Long Island Rail Road (all four are divisions of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority), and buses, commuter rail, and light rail operated by New Jersey Transit are also independent of PANYNJ.

The Port of New York and New Jersey comprised the main point of embarkation for U.S. troops and supplies sent to Europe during World War I, via the New York Port of Embarkation. The congestion at the port led experts to realize the need for a port authority to supervise the extremely complex system of bridges, highways, subways, and port facilities in the New York-New Jersey area. The solution was the 1921 creation of the Port Authority under the supervision of the governors of the two states. By issuing its own bonds, it was financially independent of either state; the bonds were paid off from tolls and fees, not from taxes. It became one of the major agencies of the metropolitan area for large-scale projects, especially while Robert Moses was director.[4]

In the early years of the 20th century, there were disputes between the states of New Jersey and New York over rail freights and boundaries. At the time, rail lines terminated on the New Jersey side of the harbor, while ocean shipping was centered on Manhattan and Brooklyn. Freight had to be shipped across the Hudson River in barges.[5] In 1916, New Jersey launched a lawsuit against New York over issues of rail freight, with the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) issuing an order that the two states work together, subordinating their own interests to the public interest.[6] The Harbor Development Commission, a joint advisory board set-up in 1917, recommended that a bi-state authority be established to oversee efficient economic development of the port district.[7] The Port of New York Authority was established on April 30, 1921,[8] through an interstate compact between the states of New Jersey and New York. This was the first such agency in the United States, created under a provision in the Constitution of the United States permitting interstate compacts.[1][9] The idea for the Port Authority was conceived during the Progressive Era, which aimed at the reduction of political corruption and at increasing the efficiency of government. With the Port Authority at a distance from political pressures, it was able to carry longer-term infrastructure projects irrespective of the election cycles and in a more efficient manner.[10] In 1972 it was renamed the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey to better reflect its status as a partnership between the two states.[8]

Throughout its history, there have been concerns about democratic accountability, or lack thereof at the Port Authority.[10] The Port District is irregularly shaped but comprises a 1,500-square-mile (3,900 km2) area roughly within a 25-mile (40 km) radius of the Statue of Liberty.

At the beginning of the 20th century, there were no road bridge or tunnel crossings between the two states. The initial tunnel crossings were completed privately by the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad in 1908 and 1909 (“Hudson Tubes”), followed by the Pennsylvania Railroad in 1910 (“North River Tunnels”). Under an independent agency, the Holland Tunnel was opened in 1927, with some planning and construction pre-dating the Port Authority. With the rise in automobile traffic, there was demand for more Hudson River crossings. Using its ability to issue bonds and collect revenue, the Port Authority has built and managed major infrastructure projects. Early projects included bridges across the Arthur Kill, which separates Staten Island from New Jersey.[8] The Goethals Bridge, named after chief engineer of the Panama Canal Commission General George Washington Goethals, connected Elizabeth, New Jersey and Howland Hook, Staten Island. At the south end of Arthur Kill, the Outerbridge Crossing was built and named after the Port Authority’s first chairman, Eugenius Harvey Outerbridge.[11] Construction of both bridges was completed in 1928. The Bayonne Bridge, opened in 1931, was built across the Kill van Kull, connecting Staten Island with Bayonne, New Jersey.[12]

Construction began in 1927 on the George Washington Bridge, linking the northern part of Manhattan with Fort Lee, New Jersey, with Port Authority chief engineer, Othmar Ammann, overseeing the project.[8] The bridge was completed in October 1931, ahead of schedule and well under the estimated costs. This efficiency exhibited by the Port Authority impressed President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who used this as a model in creating the Tennessee Valley Authority and other such entities.[10]

In 1930, the Holland Tunnel was placed under control of the Port Authority, providing significant toll revenues to the Port Authority.[12] During the late 1930s and early 1940s, the Lincoln Tunnel was built, connecting New Jersey and Midtown Manhattan.

In 1962, the bankrupt Hudson & Manhattan RR was absorbed by the Port Authority, the Hudson Tubes restyled PATH (Port Authority Trans-Hudson) and H&M RR Building site (Hudson Terminal) razed for the future World Trade Center.

In 1942, Austin J. Tobin became the Executive Director of the Port Authority. In the post-World War II period, the Port Authority expanded its operations to include airports, and marine terminals, with projects including Newark Liberty International Airport and Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminals. Meanwhile, the city-owned La Guardia Field, was nearing capacity in 1939, and needed expensive upgrades and expansion. At the time, airports were operated as loss leaders, and the city was having difficulties maintaining the status quo, losing money and not able to undertake needed expansions.[13] The city was looking to hand the airports over to a public authority, possibly to Robert Moses’ Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority. After long negotiations with the City of New York, a 50-year lease, commencing on May 31, 1947, went to the Port Authority of New York to rehabilitate, develop, and operate La Guardia Airport (La Guardia Field), John F. Kennedy International Airport (Idlewild Airport), and Floyd Bennett Field.[8][14] The Port Authority transformed the airports into fee-generating facilities, adding stores and restaurants.[13]

David Rockefeller, president of Chase Manhattan Bank, who envisioned a World Trade Center for lower Manhattan, realizing he needed public funding in order to construct the massive project, approached Tobin. Although many questioned the Port Authority’s entry into the real estate market, Tobin saw the project as a way to enhance the agency’s power and prestige, and agreed to the project. The Port Authority was the overseer of the World Trade Center, hiring the architect Minoru Yamasaki and engineer Leslie Robertson.

Yamasaki ultimately settled on the idea of twin towers. To meet the Port Authority’s requirement to build 10 million square feet (930,000 m²) of office space, the towers would each be 110-stories tall. The size of the project raised ire from the owner of the Empire State Building, which would lose its title of tallest building in the world.[12] Other critics objected to the idea of this much “subsidized” office space going on the open market, competing with the private sector. Others questioned the cost of the project, which in 1966 had risen to $575 million.[12] Final negotiations between The City of New York and the Port Authority centered on tax issues. A final agreement was made that the Port Authority would make annual payments in lieu of taxes, for the 40% of the World Trade Center leased to private tenants. The remaining space was to be occupied by state and federal government agencies. In 1962, the Port Authority had signed up the United States Customs Service as a tenant, and in 1964 they inked a deal with the State of New York to locate government offices at the World Trade Center.[citation needed]

In August 1968, construction on the World Trade Center’s north tower started, with construction on the south tower beginning in January 1969.[15] When the World Trade Center twin towers were completed, the total costs to the Port Authority had reached $900 million.[16] The buildings were dedicated on April 4, 1973, with Tobin, who had retired the year before, absent from the ceremonies.[17]

In 1986, Port Authority sold rights to the World Trade Center name for $10 to an organization run by an outgoing executive, Guy F. Tozzoli. He in turn made millions of dollars selling the use of the name in up to 28 different states.[18]

The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, and the subsequent collapse of the World Trade Center buildings impacted the Port Authority. With the Port Authority’s headquarters located in 1 World Trade Center, it became deprived of a base of operations and sustained a great number of casualties. An estimated 1,400 Port Authority employees worked in the World Trade Center.[19] The Port Authority lost a total of 84 employees, including 37 Port Authority police officers, its Executive Director, Neil D. Levin, and police superintendent, Fred V. Morrone.[20] In rescue efforts following the collapse, two Port Authority police officers, John McLoughlin and Will Jimeno, were pulled out alive after spending nearly 24 hours beneath 30 feet (9.1 m) of rubble.[21][22] Their rescue was later portrayed in the Oliver Stone film World Trade Center.

The Fort Lee lane closure scandal is a U.S. political scandal that concerns New Jersey Governor Chris Christie’s staff and his Port Authority political appointees conspiring to create a traffic jam in Fort Lee, New Jersey as political retribution, and their attempts to cover up these actions and suppress internal and public disclosures.

Dedicated toll lanes for one of the Fort Lee entrances (used by local traffic from Fort Lee and surrounding communities) to the upper level on the George Washington Bridge, which connects to Manhattan, New York, were reduced from three to one from September 9–13, 2013. The toll lane closures caused massive Fort Lee traffic back-ups, which affected public safety due to extensive delays by police and emergency service providers and disrupted schools due to the delayed arrivals of students and teachers. Two Port Authority officials (who were appointed by Christie and would later resign) claimed that reallocating two of the toll lanes from the local Fort Lee entrance to the major highways was due to a traffic study evaluating “traffic safety patterns” at the bridge, but the Executive Director of the Port Authority was unaware of a traffic study.[23][24][25]

As of March 2014, the repercussions and controversy surrounding these actions continue to be under investigation by the Port Authority, federal prosecutors, and a New Jersey legislature committee.

The Port Authority’s chairman, David Samson, who was appointed by Governor Christie, resigned on March 28, 2014 amid allegations of his involvement in the scandal and other controversies.[26]

The Port Authority is jointly controlled by the governors of New York and New Jersey, who appoint the members of the agency’s Board of Commissioners and retain the right to veto the actions of the Commissioners from his or her own state. [27] Each governor appoints six members to the Board of Commissioners, who are subject to state senate confirmation and serve overlapping six-year terms without pay.[1] An Executive Director is appointed by the Board of Commissioners to deal with day-to-day operations and to execute the Port Authority’s policies. Under an informal power-sharing agreement, the Governor of New Jersey chooses the chairman of the board and the deputy executive director, while the Governor of New York selects the vice-chairman and Executive Director. [28][29]

As of March 2014, the appointed commissioners are as follows:[30]

Meetings of the Board of Commissioners are public. Members of the public may address the Board at these meetings, subject to a prior registration process via email.[32] Public records of the Port Authority may be requested via the Office of the Secretary according to an internal Freedom of Information policy which is intended to be consistent with and similar to the state Freedom of Information policies of both New York and New Jersey.[33]

Members of the Board of Commissioners are typically business titans and political power brokers who maintain close relationships with their respective Governors. On February 3, 2011, Former New Jersey Attorney General David Samson was named new chairman of the Port Authority.[34]

Financially, the Port Authority has no power to tax and does not receive tax money from any local or state governments. Instead, it operates on the revenues it makes from its rents, tolls, fees, and facilities.[35]

Patrick J. Foye became Executive Director on November 1, 2011. Prior to joining the Port Authority, he served as Deputy Secretary for Economic Development for Governor Andrew M. Cuomo.[36]

The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey manages and maintains infrastructure critical to the New York/New Jersey region’s trade and transportation network—five of the region’s airports, the New York/New Jersey seaport, the PATH rail transit system, six tunnels and bridges between New York and New Jersey, the Port Authority Bus Terminal and George Washington Bridge Bus Station in Manhattan and The World Trade Center site.[41]

The Port of New York and New Jersey is the largest port complex on the East Coast of North America and is located at the hub of the most concentrated and affluent consumer market in the world, with immediate access to the most extensive interstate highway and rail networks in the region. In addition, The Port Authority directly oversees the operation of seven cargo terminals in the New York–New Jersey region. Each terminal offers comprehensive shipping services, rail and trucking services.

The Port Authority operates the following seaports:[41]

The Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal was the first in the nation to containerize,[42] As of 2004, Port Authority seaports handle the third largest amount of shipping of all U.S. ports, as measured in tonnage.[2]

ExpressRaill is rail network supporting intermodal freight transport at the major container terminals including dockside trackage and railyards for transloading Various switching and terminal railroads, including the Conrail Shared Assets Operations (CRCX) on the Chemical Coast Secondary connect to the East Coast rail freight network carriers Norfolk Southern (NS), CSX Transportation (CSX), and Canadian Pacific (CP).[43][44] In the year period ending October 2014 the total amount of TEUS of Intermodal containers handled at the port included 391,596 rail lifts.[45] As of 2014, three ExpressRail systems (Elizabeth, Newark, Staten Island) were in operation with the construction of a fourth at Port Jersey underway.

New York New Jersey Rail, LLC (NYNJ) is a switching and terminal railroad operates a car float operation across Upper New York Bay between the Greenville Yard in Jersey City and Brooklyn.

The Port Authority operates the following airports:[41]

Both Kennedy and LaGuardia airports are owned by the City of New York and leased to the Port Authority for operating purposes. Newark Liberty is owned by the City of Newark and also leased to the Authority. In 2007, Stewart International Airport, owned by the State of New York, was leased to the Port Authority. The Port Authority officially took over select management functions of the Atlantic City International Airport on July 1, 2013, in conjunction with the South Jersey Transportation Authority, which leases the airport site from the FAA.[46][47]

JFK, LaGuardia, and Newark Liberty as a whole form the largest airport system in the United States, second in the world in terms of passenger traffic, and first in the world by total flight operations, with JFK being the 19th busiest in the world and the 6th busiest in the US. Unfortunately, the three airports also share the dubious distinction of being consistently rated as some of the worst in the US and even the world. Frommer’s recently picked JFK’s Terminal 3 as the worst airport terminal in the world.

The Authority operates the Downtown Manhattan Heliport (Manhattan, New York).[41]

Other facilities managed by the Port Authority include the George Washington Bridge, the Lincoln Tunnel, and the Holland Tunnel, which all connect Manhattan and Northern New Jersey; the Goethals Bridge, the Bayonne Bridge, and the Outerbridge Crossing which connect Staten Island and New Jersey.[41]

The Port Authority operates the Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH) rapid transit system linking lower and midtown Manhattan with New Jersey, the AirTrain Newark system linking Newark International Airport with New Jersey Transit and Amtrak via a station on the Northeast Corridor rail line, and the AirTrain JFK system linking JFK with Howard Beach (Subway) and Jamaica (Subway and Long Island Rail Road).[41]

Major bus depots include the Port Authority Bus Terminal at 42nd Street, the George Washington Bridge Bus Station, and the Journal Square Transportation Center in Jersey City.[41]

The Port Authority also participates in joint development ventures around the region, including The Teleport business park on Staten Island, Bathgate Industrial Park in The Bronx, the Essex County Resource Recovery Facility, Newark Legal Center, Queens West in Long Island City, NY, and The South Waterfront in Hoboken.[41]

Major projects by the Port Authority include the One World Trade Center and other construction at the World Trade Center site. Other projects include a new passenger terminal at JFK International Airport, and redevelopment of Newark Liberty International Airport’s Terminal B, and replacement of the Goethals Bridge.[48] The Port Authority also has plans to buy 340 new PATH cars and begin major expansion of Stewart International Airport.[48]

As owner of the World Trade Center site, the Port Authority has worked since 2001 on plans for reconstruction of the site, along with Silverstein Properties, and the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation. In 2006, the Port Authority reached a deal with Larry Silverstein, which ceded control of One World Trade Center to the Port Authority.[49] The deal gave Silverstein rights to build three towers along the eastern side of the site, including 150 Greenwich Street, 175 Greenwich Street, and 200 Greenwich Street.[49] Also part of the plans is the World Trade Center Transportation Hub, which will replace the temporary PATH station that opened in November 2003.

The Port Authority has its own police department that provides police services to the Port Authority. The department currently employs approximately 1,700 police officers and supervisors who have full police status in New York and New Jersey.[50]

Role Of Leadership In Business

In CategoryTrading

Submitted by: Shane Hedges

Do you know that great leaders who create great business are made and not born? And you know why? It is because of true leadership traits that are not developed automatically but are willingly learned.

Do you know that great leaders who create great business are made and not born? And you know why? It is because of true leadership traits that are not developed automatically but are willingly learned. The role of Leadership in Business is indisputable. Leadership is an essential character in any business traits. Understanding the meaning of leadership is equivalent to lead success in any business activities.

Leadership has so much of influence in our life that aligns our productivity to the success of bigger purposes. Teams have high potential synergies and if motivated and directed in a right way will surely achieve success. Without leadership, organization works slowly, remains directionless.

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The absence of leadership can be dramatic leading to adverse effects, as Leadership & Business walks hand in hand. Leadership is a process by which individual influences the attitudes, behaviors and thoughts of others. It sets a direction for the team and defines goals to be attained. Leaders help their follower to visualize things which they may have overlooked. Without Leadership in Business, the team quickly degenerates into conflict or arguments and struggle with accomplishing regular business operations. Leadership has the capability managing people and getting work done.

A leader should possess traits such as he or she must be able to express their vision clearly and in convincing manner so that people get engaged easily. His communication skills should be good enough in reaching out to his people or team. A true leader is easily recognizable. It is not only his words, his actions too sends message to people across the organization. A leader can?t be excited one day and impassive on the other. People judge their leaders through commitments and their works.

The first responsibility in any Business Leadership is to have great vision. A leader who is clear about what needs to be achieved, he will with ease able to channelize the potential of his team in that direction. A visionary leadership must create unique concept of what the organization can achieve. A leader with a plan and a plan with a leader is enough to attain any goal. A leader should also be a motivating factor in the entire process of teamwork in order to help an organization evolve, grow and adapt in any changing circumstances.

Effective communication helps to facilitate successful exchange of information within or among leaders or employees. Without effective communication skills, Leadership in Business can be dramatic. Assessing the situation, identifying the areas of concern, evaluating the alternatives at disposition and coming up with a plan. A leader needs to be proactive and strategically sound enough to come up with effective solutions.

Leadership in Business is a continual journey. When you will understand the importance of leadership, you look for new ways to develop and build teams who communicate well. At the end of the day, it would be the effectual leader with effective skills who helps their employee give their best and perform better at work.

About the Author: Mr. Shane Hedges is the author of this article on Leadership & Business. Find more information, about Mr. Hedges hereVisit

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What Should Be Done To Decorate A Church For Your Wedding?

In CategoryFashion

By David B C

Church weddings are one of the traditional forms of wedding ceremonies. Church is a holy place of peace and sanctity and it is a perfect location for important events like weddings. If you are planning about a church wedding, then you should be selective and careful about the decoration of church. Beautiful church decorations help create a glamorous ambiance for a wedding ceremony. You can use colorful flowers, pearls, laces, beads, crystals and candles to decorate the church. But, remember that a church is a place of worship. While decorating it for the wedding ceremony, you should take care that its atmosphere of sanctity and purity should not be disturbed.

How to Decorate a Church for a Wedding?

If you apply a bit of your imagination, how to decorate a church for a wedding would not be a problem. While planning the church decorations, you should consider the designs for aisle, pew, altar, centerpiece, ceiling, entry as well as door decorations. Before you make any planning, you need to talk to the church administrator and known about what is allowed and what’s not in the church. Some churches don’t allow a use of candles, while some don’t allow you to toss the flower petals. Also make sure that you are permitted to enter the church and decorate it before the ceremony.

Flower Decorations

Flowers are the most traditional items used for the church decoration. Various colorful flowers add a touch of elegance and grace to the wedding ceremony. They can be used as accents, or as a beautiful background for wedding pictures, or to decorate the archways and entrances. You can use beautiful roses of variety of colors such as red, yellow, pink and orange for an exotic touch. Use of colorful lilies, tulips or daisies also gives a fascinating look. An ultimate floral arrangement makes the ambiance fascinating and full of fragrance. Make the arrangements of flower garlands, floral baskets or bouquets to decorate the inside of the church. You may go for silk flowers instead of real flowers.

Candle Decorations

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Candles offer a romantic touch to a wedding ceremony. The candle decorations add a bit of warm light to the evening wedding ceremony. Candles are available in a huge variety of colors, shapes and sizes. They go well with any wedding theme. Some prefer to use the candelabra by the altar, in the windows or in place of pew bows.

Outdoor Church Decoration

Outdoor church decoration is also very important to greet your guests. The luminaries can line the stairs leading to the entrance or sidewalk at the evening wedding ceremony. If the wedding ceremony is during summer or spring, then you can put small citrus plants next to the door. Beautiful floral arches at the entrance give an exceptional look to the wedding location. You may also use the colorful balloons to create a beautiful arch. A combination of flowers, balloons and ribbons provides an appealing, festive look to the church.

Church Pew Decorations

Church pew decoration is a crucial part of church decoration. It can be decorated using beautiful flowers, ribbons and tulle. You can offer a creative, cheerful look to the pews using the Christmas tree ornaments in different styles. Pew bows are most commonly used for the church decorations. They are made from tulle or colorful ribbons accented with flowers to suit to a wedding theme. Some people prefer to use floral swags instead of pew bows. You can also decorate the pews using draping gossamer or organza, floral balls, horseshoes, dried wreaths, mini wicker baskets with petals, corded lasso, beach pails with seashells and shovels, or small umbrellas hung upside down, filled with flowers.

Altar Area Decorations

You may use movable columns or pillars for attractive floral arrangements to decorate the altar area. A decorated arch can be placed before the altar area at the end of the pews. Weave tulle and green garland or lights around the communication rails and stair banisters. Large sculptures placed in the alter area offer more decorative look.

The beautiful church decorations create a more celebratory, refreshing atmosphere to make your special day truly memorable.

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Learn How To Do Woodworking

In CategoryGarage Doors

Learn How To Do Woodworking


Jerry Standefer

If you have never tried woodworking, then may I suggest a very fun hobby? I believe the best part of woodworking is the self respect it brings with every project that you complete, the self accomplishment that you get from others who look up to you when they respect your work.

My first project was making simple picture frames. I followed the instructions from the plans I had, and assembled the pieces as my project came together. Some of my frames still hang in my office today and that was 10 years ago.

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I always wanted a big screen TV, so I found the one I wanted and purchased it without even speculating the cabinet for the 55 monster. I decided to build my own cabinet. I went to several stores which sold the large bridge over type TV cabinets and found many different names. I measured and sketched several different cabinets and finally decided on the style I wanted. Now, believe me this was truly a wood plan adventure! I had never done anything like this before and I was willing to learn a few grassroots skills. I built the cabinets and shelves out of birch plywood. I learned how to make my own molding or edging what ever you want to call it for the exposed plywood edges. I never even knew that you had to edge plywood when making furniture.

What I am trying to show you is that if I can build wood projects then you can also. It takes a few basic shop supplies which I have been purchasing when ever I get extra money. Woodworking tools are like anything else you buy, commonly you pay more for better quality but if you check newspapers you sometimes can find great buys on your woodworking tools.

I have recently completed my premier project, a tiki bar! My outside bar measures eight foot long by four foot wide. It has two storage cabinets behind the bar with a use shelf under the bar top. I was excited to build the bar from plans I purchased on the internet because my wife and I love the tropical Caribbean islands. Why not bring the islands to our backyard. The project was by far one of my best because I get compliments all the time like where did you get this lovely bar, and then I tell them I built it myself. If you might be interested in these plans you can purchase them from this website.

This project evolved a little thinking on my part. I tried building the bar frame in my shop and found out I couldn t get it out of my basement door, dah! I ended up cutting everything and fitting it together, thank heaven I didn t glue it yet! It was a very enjoyable woodworking project!

There are so many woodworking projects that you can build, from simple starter wood projects which evolve only a few tools to more difficult projects which take days to make with many power tools. The most important thing is the satisfaction you receive from doing something with your own mind and hands. It s fairly easy to setup a work area in your basement or garage. I would suggest your first projects might be making your own woodworking bench. There are many designs that you can find with complete plans and guides to show you step by step instructions which include material needed plus tools you will need to build your work bench.

Regardless of were you start, I am sure you will find woodworking as a very rewarding hobby, maybe if you really get excited a rewarding career also. I just enjoy going to my basement shop and building something I will be proud of for years to come.

Hello, my name is Jerry Standefer and I am the author and owner of is website. Your probably wondering why I made this site about woodworking. I was always looking for a hobby I could learn to make things and I decided that woodworking would be something enjoyable! If you ever saw my basement and all the woodworking tools I own you would think I was a master cabinet maker! Always looking for wood plans I decided to purchase these 14,000 wood plans; that I am now sharing with you. When ever I

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Relax In A Terrific Outdoor Or Indoor Spa.

In CategoryHome Improvement

Submitted by: Mandi Pardley

With global warming increasing, hotter summers are becoming more of definite, and one of the best ways which people seem to cool down is swimming, however if swimming pools are not in your preference then a hot tub should be. With many styles and shapes to suit any indoor or outdoor design you are sure to find the perfect hot tub for you. As it s nearly winter and you don t want an outside hot tub that you won t be able to use till next year, purchase an indoor hot tub so you can enjoy a relaxing bathe inside away from the cold winter nights.

If you are looking for high quality but affordable hot tubs to suit your needs and requirements then Grizzle Bear Hot Tubs is the place for you, supplying and installing their hot tubs throughout Scotland. Grizzly Bears Hot Tubs only sell American manufactured hot tubs thus ensuring you of high quality and reliability.

Grizzly Bear Hot Tubs have over 50 hot tubs in stock which are also ready for delivery, this allows you to order your products, receive your products and have them installed in less than 2 weeks. With fully trained and experienced technicians you are guaranteed a friendly and reliable delivery from the Grizzly Bear Hot Tubs team of staff. They are guaranteeing you a professional installation carried out to meet all your wishes and give you the peace of mind that you chosen your hot tub correctly as long as you have the space to place the hot tub.

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With the range of hot tubs comes a range of accessories from; spa crystals to side umbrellas. Purchasing extra accessories could create and finish a bespoke spa system for your home, this is a beneficial item in your home not only does it add value but also creates a homely, relaxing and beautiful way to feel comfortable and take the stress away with all the family.

With Grizzly Bear Hot Tubs stunning range of low cost hot tubs will give you and your family years of excellent quality service. With experience, professional knowledge and expert resources Grizzly Bear Hot Tubs present only the best American hot tubs which are available in the UK. Grizzle Bear Hot Tubs also have advisors on hand if you wish to ask a question or need help searching for the product that is right for you. To give you the best chance of finding the right products Grizzly Bear Hot Tubs showroom is open 7 days a week, giving you the opportunity to spend time looking at what they have on offer. Alongside many of their hot tubs which are on display are a range of accessories and chemicals.

If you are thinking of purchasing an outdoor hot tub you may also need to purchase a Spa cover. Spa covers are very important and are almost as important as the hot tub itself, this is because they keep the water clean and keep down your energy usage. Also, as we all should know, heat rises and as spa covers sit directly above the hot water; they provide installation to ensure the heat stays inside the hot tub.

Finding that perfect hot tub for you and your family to relax in could be very difficult, however with the range of sizes and styles on offer you are sure to find the right one that doesn t exceed your budget thus giving you a great experience which Grizzly Bear Hot Tubs.

Finding a perfect hot tub to meet all your needs and requirements has never been easier with Grizzly Bear Hot Tubs.

About the Author: Mandi Pardley is the sales coordinator at Smart SEO and works to ensure SEO is used efficiently in clients marketing campaigns and she works with clients to devise the appropriate course of action. Smart SEO is based in Lancashire for the past 5 years.Grizzly Bear Hot Tubs are a company offering high quality but affordable

, ensuring that you can find the perfect hot tub to suit your needs and requirements.


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Genuine Online Data Entry Services

In CategoryFinance

Submitted by: Yamuna Cbs

Genuine Online Data Entry services are really cord form online aggregation substance create. Online Information accounting is an only and highly recognized growth of entering data from scanned images or physiological documents into computers or a spreadsheet in sect to get assemblage into a database.

Online Data Entry services can form a lot of number in the action standards of concern, whether small or big. It allows accelerative the periodicity of concern activities in a rapid stride, book abstraction; expend money and gives galore else aggressive advantages.

Online data entry services are now commonly used by businesses and these services are generally offered by outsourcing companies with the required standards and specifications. As everything is becoming global, business entities need to manage their valuable and critical data in an accurate and organized manner in order to maintain their competitiveness in the global marketplace. They usually entrust their non core, repetitive and other support tasks to BPO firms who can offer affordable, reliable and trustworthy data entry services online.

Online data entry services have become immensely helpful in all fields where the data needs to be stored, maintained and used for future applications. Today, many firms have partnered with business process outsourcing companies to have an excellent data management system in their facilities.

By integrating state-of-the-art technologies, unique processes and skilled data entry specialists, these firms deliver data entry services with accuracy, efficiency and effectiveness. They offer their services through safe and secure online platform. They deliver the final outputs in encrypted FTP upload, CD-R or CD-W or email. Thus, clients are assured that their data or information is free from unauthorized access, copying or downloading.

Outsourcing collection content services strength love metamorphoses touristic exclusive fresh, but it has been verbalize for umpteen geezer hood. Medical request and transcribing from lodging or at collection content centers has been a demotic recitation for asymptomatic over two decades.

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Sector deliver outsourcing companies specializing in online assemblage message services worship a sample spectrum of services, tailored to the portion needs of each client. Many of them are traded below:

Data Entry

Data Processing

Form Filling


Data Conversion

Online copying, pasting, editing, sorting, and indexing data

Data capture/collection

E-books and e-magazines data entry

Online Form Filling

Business Process Outsourcing

Online Data Entry

Data Entry can be through in-house on doomed occasions, but there are individual projects which are optimum handled by experts. For representative, if a oversize survey needs to be conducted, it is a clip consuming transmute which would compel body to employ overtime and would financially pipe the company. Outsourcing data content is a acceptable choice in much a scenario. It cuts downward expenses on research, developing and marketing.

With many and writer companies doing acting online and companies relying more on online substance, the idea of online information entry services has picked up over the period. Ownership content and collection on material is becoming history and online aggregation is the stylish seethe and sure the most efficient way.

Online Data Entry Services India offers a comprehensive ambit of online data substance services to endure work of all your online enterprise needs. Now you can bask surpass and faster accession to all your measurable content in meet a few clicks using the country of the cyberspace or finished devoted lines and servers. Online Data Entry Services well growing in all over the world. It helps to lead business. Online Data Entry Service is essential to all outsourcing firms and organization.

About the Author: This is Yamuna from India.


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5 Steps To Buying Cheap Auto Insurance For Students

In CategoryInsurance

More Detail Here:

5 Steps to Buying Cheap Auto Insurance for Students



Are you looking for

cheap auto insurance

for students? Do you know things which need to be taken care before buying cheap auto insurance for students? We help you find and compare best rates of auto insurance.

Students often find difficult to choose cheap auto insurance from their monthly budget, Because of low income being as student and need to meet high expense of auto insurance, obviously it s difficult to find cheap auto insurance online.

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There are few things we should keep in mind to buy cheap auto insurance for students

1. Increase the coverage: Getting

auto insurance quotes

for the minimum coverage and experiment by increasing the coverage until you reach out your budget would be the valuable tip for students to get cheap auto insurance.

2. Student Discount: if you are a scholar, average student and have at least B grade then most of the online auto insurance companies will give you a good student discount which will surely help you.

3. Additional discount: If you have more than one vehicle lists your other vehicle in to the same auto insurance policy to get multi-car discount. List one of your vehicles as low mileage vehicle if you do not drive too often to get cheaper auto insurance rates.

4. Reducing your billing fee: Allow the insurance company to automatically withdraw your monthly payment from your bank account to reduce you billing fee which turns lowers your payment by as much as ten dollars a month, or if you can afford to pay full six month or year policy payment would be great option.

5. Liability Coverage: In search of getting cheap auto insurance rates available online will often lead you with minimum coverage, that is liability coverage which only provide coverage to other s bodily injury and property damage you are liable for. Liability coverage does not provide coverage for your vehicles or your medical injury.

Auto Insurance Quotes

Online Insurance Quotes

– QuoteScout helps you find the auto insurance coverage you need at the lowest price. QuoteScout provides consumers with a free, simple, and effective way to shop for insurance. For Reference visit

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